Orléans, France




Experimental High Temperature - High Pressure Rock/Fluid interactions facilities

This facility provides state-of-the-art equipments for the experimental study of hydrothermal processes (i.e. 0 to 500 bars and up to 300-400°C). The facility is equipped with 2 Dixon-Seyfried rocking autoclaves which are operating with titanium bags and are equipped with a sampling port for gas and fluid analysis; as well as several cold-seal autoclaves working with golden capsules up to 3kbar and 850°C for hydrothermal synthesis.

The facility also has 2 permeameters (flow-through devices) allowing the injection of fluids through a rock core (diam 5.6mm, length few cm) up to 500 bar and 400°C. This set up allows the investigation of reactive transport in hydrothermal conditions, and in particular to study the in-situ carbonation of ultramafic rocks.

State of the Art, uniqueness & specific advantages

The permeameters are unique as they offer a range of working pressure and temperature higher than similar facilities. The combination of batch autoclaves and reactive transport experiments also allows for the consistent investigation of hydrothermal processes, both in terms of mineralogy and mineral synthesis but also in terms of transport processes and hydrochemical feedbacks.

Scientific Environment

The facility is incorporated in the experimental facilities of the laboratory offering experiments from high temperatures and pressures (GPa, several thousands degrees), to the hydrothermal conditions described here. The facility also benefits from a dedicated workshop for the repairs as well as the development of new functionalities. Finally, the laboratory also offers state-of-the-art analytical facilities, both for the solid and the fluid (XRD, SEM, TEM, gas and liquid chromatography and ICP-MS).

Operating by


Centre national de la recherche scientifique
STORAGE technologies:
Pressure/injection, Migration, Reactivity/mineralisation
UTILISATION technologies:
CO2 Conversion to Solid Carbonates
Research Fields:
Fluid dynamics, Chemistry/Geochemistry, Geology/Geophysics, Material science, Physical processes, Thermodynamics
Facility's fact sheet

Location & Contacts

Orléans, France
RICC Contacts - Secondary contact
Sébastien Dupraz

Facility Availability

Unit of access (UA)
Availability per year (in UA)
12 weeks
Duration of a typical access (average) and number of external users expected for that access
Average access depends on the type of rock and chemical reactions considered. Experiments can last from a few days to several months.Presence of external users is required for at least 1 week to prepare the experiment (starting) and a couple of days to stop it.

Quality Control / Quality Assurance (QA)

Activities / tests / data are
Controlled: ISO9001

Operational or other constraints

Specific risks:
High pressure and high temperature systems.
Legal issues

CCUS Projects

Other CCUS Projects
2011 - 2015

Selected Publications

Transp. Porous Med. 122, pages333–356 (2018)
Determination of hydrogen–water relative permeability and capillary pressure in sandstone: application to underground hydrogen injection in sedimentary formations.
Yekta, A.E., Manceau, J.C., Gaboreau, S., Pichavant, M. and Audigane, P.
Appl. Geochem., 95, 182-194 (2018)
Evaluation of geochemical reactivity of hydrogen in sandstone: application to geological storage.
Yekta, A.E., Pichavant, M. and Audigane, P.
(in prep) (2021)
Internal vs. External fH2 buffering in serpentinization experiments: Results and implications for the serpentinization reaction
Fauguerolles et al.
(in prep) (2021)
Reaction mechanisms during serpentinization – Textural constraints and mineral chemistry data from experiments on a harzburgite at 250-300°C and 50MPa
Fauguerolles et al.
(in prep) (2021)
In situ carbonatation of ultramafic formations: an experimental reactive percolation study
Osselin et al.