Facility Location
City & country
Warsaw (Poland)
Rakowiecka 31, Warszawa
Description & contacts of the access provider
Legal name of organisation
PGI - Polish Geological Institute
Infrastructure contact - Primary contact
Adam Wójcicki
RICC contact - Secondary contact
Adam Wójcicki
Facility Availability
Unit of access
Availability per year
Minimum 2 weeks
Expected duration of single experiment:
2 weeks

This infrastructure provides tools for monitoring the shallow subsurface as well as groundwater-soil systems with the use of a suite of geophysical methods. Tools for soil gas and atmospheric CO2 monitoring as well as remote sensing tools are also listed there as a part of a comprehensive monitoring suite. The tools and methods most relevant to the project are:

  • micro-gravity meter for assessment of density distribution within the subsurface (CO2 injection changes density distribution within the subsurface though the effect is very small in case of a pilot injection);
  • ERT (Electrical Resistivity Tomography) and DC (Direct Current) Resistivity for assessment of properties of groundwater-soil system/shallow subsurface (useful in the unlikely case of CO2 leakage, during pilot injection, into a shallow aquifer);
  • GPR (Ground Penetrating Radar) and EM (Electromagnetic) Conductometer for assessment of properties of (the top) groundwater-soil system (useful in the unlikely case of CO2 leakage, during pilot injection, into the top part of groundwater-soil system);
  • engineering (shallow) seismic for imaging of the groundwater-soil system/shallow subsurface;
  • CRDS Analyzer for Isotopic Carbon in CO2 for measurements of soil gas and monitoring station for measurements of CO2 content in atmosphere (at the injection site), GC-FID gas chromatograph;
  • remote sensing tools - PSI (Persistent Scattered Interferometry - methodology of the TERRAFIRMA project), measuring ground motion, based on satellite images.
State of the art, uniqueness, & specific advantages

The PGI-NRI GEOPH-LAB infrastructure is mostly being used for the needs of engineering and environmental geology projects carried by PGI (geohazards, hydrogeology, waste management, soil investigation, environmental issues of shale gas exploration, etc.). Studies on the feasibility of these methods for the pilot CO2 injection project were carried on when elaborating the geological workplan for the planned pilot injection project (research permit awarded in 2011) as well as when planning the next phase of Bełchatów demonstration project.

Scientific Environment

PGI-NRI GEOPH-LAB: the monitoring tools, proposed as the most relevant (environmental and remote sensing), are managed by a group of experts, who can provide support for new field campaigns; on planning of surveys, calibration and test of equipment, data acquisition (by field crews), data processing and interpretation (experience - see the State of the Art).


Other Large Initiatives

selected publications

Wójcicki A., Nagy S., Papiernik B., Szott W., Chećko J., Tarkowski R., Bąk T. (2010)
Storage site candidate for Bełchatów demo plant. Second EAGE CO2 storage workshop
"From Laboratory to Development”, Berlin 11-12.03.2010 (poster)
Kozłowska A., Kuberska M., Pańczyk M., Sikorska M (2010)
Pore space in Lower Jurassic sandstones of the Bełchatów region [Przestrzeń porowa piaskowców jury dolnej w rejonie Bełchatowa] Biuletyn - Panstwowego Instytutu Geologicznego
Issue 439 PART 1, 2010, Pages 37-46
Wójcicki A., (9 – 11 April 2013)
A study on the pilot CO2 injection into a Jurassic aquifer in central Poland
8th CO2GeoNet Open Forum, – Venice, San Servolo Island (presentation - available at the CO2GeoNet website).